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This fifth edition of the Yearbook on Peace Processes the conflicts in which negotiations are being held to reach a peace agreement are analyzed, regardless of whether these negotiations are formalized, are in the exploratory phases, are bearing fruit or, to the contrary, are stalled or enmeshed in crisis. It also analyses certain cases in which the negotiations or explorations are partial, that is, they do not encompass all the armed groups present in the country (as is the case of Afghanistan and Iraq, for example). The majority of the negotiations are linked to armed conflicts, but other situations are also analyzed in which despite the fact that there are currently no armed clashes taking place, the parties have yet to reach a permanent agreement to put an end to the hostilities and pending disputes. Thus, the negotiations are relevant for preventing the beginning or resurgence of new armed confrontation.

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Country Analysis include:

Africa
a) South and West Africa
Mali (Tuaregs) 23
Niger (MNJ) 27
Nigeria (Niger Delta) 32
b) Horn of Africa
Ethiopia-Eritrea 37
Ethiopia (Ogaden and Oromiya) 42
Somalia 46
Sudan (Darfur) 54
c) Great Lakes and Central Africa
Burundi (FNL) 62
Chad 67
R. Central Africa 73
DR Congo (East) 78
Uganda (LRA) 84
d) Maghreb and North of Africa
Western Sahara 89

Latin America
Colombia (ELN, FARC) 94

Asia and Pacific
a) Southern Asia
Afghanistan 111
India (ULFA, NSCM-IM, NDFB) 116
India-Pakistan (Kashmir) 125
Nepal (Madheshi-Terai) 131
Pakistan (Balochistan and Northwest Frontier) 137
Sri Lanka 147
b) East Asia
China (Taiwan and Tibet) 153
c) Southeast Asia
Philippines (MILF, NPA, MNLF) 157
Indonesia (Western Papua) 173
Myanmar 179
Thailand (South) 190

Europe
a) Southeast Europe
Cyprus 195
Kosovo 203
Moldova (Transdniestria ) 209
Turkey (PKK) 215
b) Caucasus
Armenia-Azerbaijan 228
Georgia (Abkhazia) 233
Georgia (South Ossetia) 238

Middle East
Iraq 245
Israel-Palestine 250
Israel-Syria 262
Lebanon 264
Yemen 270

Annex
  1. Negotiation times in certain conflicts 277
  2. Political ideology of current armed groups 278
  3. Groups on EU terrorist lists 279
  4. Deaths in conflicts analysed 280
  5. Rank of countries analysed on the Human Development Index
  6. Tell me what happened… Mirrors of peace 281
  7. Conflicts, negotiation processes and resolutions of the UN
  8. Security Council 282
  9. United Nations Peacebuilding Committees 283
  10. Websites of interest 284
  11. School for a Culture of Peace 285
Sources: Zunia.com and reliefweb

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