23 November 2011
KRABI, Thailand – The young parliamentarians who gathered here recently at an international conference on sexual and reproductive health rights agreed to strengthen their work on these issues when they returned home.
“As parliamentarians, you play a crucial role in bridging the gap between the people and the government,” said Safiye Çağar, UNFPA’s Director of Information and External Relations, who opened the Nov. 15-16 meeting for Members of Parliament (MPs) under 35. Ms. Çağar emphasized the importance of their work since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994, where 179 countries recognized sexual and reproductive health as a human right.
“Since that time, national parliaments have reordered population and development policy priorities and passed laws at national and subnational levels to protect, uphold and promote reproductive rights, gender equality, youth-friendly information, counselling and reproductive health care,” Ms. Çağar said.
|Young parliamentarians meeting in Thailand, focused on sexual and reproductive health rights.|
People 15 to 24 years old make up about 43 per cent of the world’s population, yet they face limited resources and confront such major challenges as getting an education, finding jobs and securing access to health care. Yet their energy and vision are essential for a vibrant society, and young MPs have an extraordinary ability through their legislature to mobilize these young people to create transformational change.
“I would like to challenge the perception that Parliament is a place only for old people and prove the case that young parliamentarians can make a difference,” said Moses Kunkuyu Kalonga Shawa, an MP from Malawi. “I believe I can make a difference on the ICPD agenda by working with my constituencies, educating young people and pushing for civic education and youth involvement in decision-making processes.”
The meeting, which was organized by UNFPA and the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD), was designed to deepen young MPs’ understanding and commitment to the 1994 Cairo conference and to bring them together to exchange perspectives and experiences from their own countries.
The 30 who attended showed passion and enthusiasm for their work as well as for sexual and reproductive health issues. They agreed that their young age was a clear advantage in their political roles and that workshops like these were important for what they do.
|Hon. Ms. Rathika Sitsabaiesan, an MP from Canada.|
“It feels like you’re alone in the world as a young MP, even in Canada where there are so many young MPs,” said Rathika Sitsabaiesan, who holds that office there. “It’s good to know we’re not isolated. The interesting thing is that we’re all facing similar issues and similar challenges, whether we come from the city or from rural areas or from different parts of the world.”
The MPs confirmed that more young people are needed in politics and that not enough women are represented on parliamentary benches. The meeting ended with commitments to take rapid action on such matters as promoting reproductive health issues in the media to advocating for better policies and greater resources from their governments.
The meeting also helped gear up the MPs for the IPCI/IPCD conference in May 2012 in Istanbul.
At the end of the Dialogue Young Parliamentarians issued statement titled 'Parliamentary Actions', in which they committed for actions to focus on issues such as sexual and reproductive health rights of young people. Here is the text:
Global Young Parliamentarians call for Action
A. ADVOCACY ACTIONS
Ø Reach out to the media (in whatever relevant modalities e.g. press conference, public speeches, audio-visual/ print interviews, etc.) and interest them in the population issues of interest to your context such as gender imbalances, availability of SRH services, girls education, women's empowerment,
Ø Find ways to refer back to your constituencies with the materials, thoughts and discussions you have had during this meeting
Ø Feel free to use UNFPA and other UN or relevant regional forum services available in your country for the sake of gathering relevant country specific materials and for support for consultancies and analysis required or even organizing similar events
Ø Use facts and statistics to write an op-ed article in your main newspaper or newsmagazine
Medium to Long Term (towards the May 2012 IPCI/ICPD Conference)
Ø Work through (or if non-existent form, or advocate to form) Parliamentary groups with focus on RH, gender and population and development issues of relevance to your country or constituency and consider advocacy, policy and programme formulation on how to address most pressing issues
Ø Work to see to it that such a group drives towards adopting a plan of action within Parliament, at the national or sub-national level as the case may
B. POLICY ACTIONS
Ø Work towards increasing girls' education in society, and women's participation in politics.
Ø Work towards removing gender biased harmful practices
Ø Work towards ensuring that national and sub-national public budgets are gender sensitive and that a specific percentage is dedicated to benefit girls and women in particular together with all social groups that are at a disadvantage
Ø Work towards ensuring a greater and committed involvement of men in reproductive health and gender issues.
Ø Work towards ensuring a greater commitment to population and development issues at the advocacy, policy and programme levels
Ø Support policy formulation that ensure young people's access to RH information, counselling and services in various settings (in-school and out of school)
Ø Promote increased allocation of domestic resources in order to reduce maternal deaths and meet the unmet needs in family planning
Ø Engage human rights commission to deal with these programmes.